Edward Douglass White, 1910-1921


Edward Douglass White, 1894-1910, 1910-1921

EDWARD DOUGLASS WHITE was born in the Parish of Lafourche, Louisiana,
on November 3, 1845. While White was studying at Georgetown
College (now Georgetown University) the Civil War began
and he returned home to join the Confederate Army. He was
captured in 1863 by Union troops and remained in captivity
until the end of the War. Upon his release in 1865, White read
law and attended the University of Louisiana. He was admitted
to the bar in 1866 and established a law practice in New
Orleans. White was elected to the Louisiana State Senate in
1874, and from 1878 to 1880 he served on the Louisiana Supreme
Court. In 1891, the State Legislature elected him to the United
States Senate. President Grover Cleveland nominated
White to the Supreme Court of the United States on February 19,
1894. The Senate confirmed the appointment the same day. White
had served for sixteen years on the Court when, on December
12, 1910, President William H. Taft nominated him Chief Justice
of the United States. The Senate confirmed the appointment the
same day. White was the first Associate Justice to be
appointed Chief Justice. White served on the Court for a total
of twenty-seven years, ten of them as Chief Justice. He died on
May 19, 1921, at the age of seventy-five.