Chief Justices

Associate Justices

Audio snippets of each Justice speaking are intended to give a sense of the sound of the Justice’s voice and how he or she posed questions or spoke from the bench. Generally, the clips feature the first time a Justice spoke at oral argument or announced an opinion. Because of poor audio quality, however, sometimes we have substituted a clip from later in their first term.

Thanks to Pat Ward for providing the sound engineering and to Jerry Goldman for permission to use material from Oyez Project.